Develop a personal support network of family, friends, neighbours and care providers. If you live alone, you may want to give a key to a trusted friend.

Write down and practice your plan with your support network.

Make a list of prescription medications including dosage, treatment, and any allergy information. Consult with your doctor about what else you need to prepare.

Keep a list of the style and serial number of critical medical devices. Include the operating information and instructions. Ensure a friend or family member has copies of them.

If you rely on life sustaining equipment/apparatus, develop a backup plan that will ensure the equipment/apparatus works in the event of a power outage.

Teach those who have agreed to help you how to use any lifesaving equipment, and how to administer medications.

Secure items like medical equipment, appliances, bookcases and hanging plants.

Place heavy objects on low shelves.

Move beds away from heavy hanging items and windows.

Remove barriers like bookcases which may block your safe exit after an earthquake.

Install security night lights to provide emergency lighting if the power goes off.

Make a seven-day emergency supply kit. Include a first-aid kit, extra medicine and a pair of glasses. Store extra batteries for equipment like hearing aids and wheelchairs.

If you require continued care from a service provider during an emergency, ask if they have an emergency or business continuity plan. Work with them to identify back-up service providers.

Special Tips

For the hearing impaired

  • Keep spare batteries and portable chargers for communication aids, including smart phone or tablet, for receiving emergency information if the power is out.
  • Store a flashlight, pencil, and pad for communicating.
  • Arrange for hearing friends or co-workers to relay emergency information that is broadcast on the radio.


For the vision impaired

  • Keep extra canes around your home.
  • Plan alternate evacuation routes from home and office.
  • Store extra food and supplies for your service dog.


For those who use a wheelchair

  • Tie a lightweight drawstring bag to it where you can keep medicines, sanitary aides, flashlight and a horn to signal for help.
  • Find two useable exits from each room and from your building.
  • Take part in earthquake drills: move to cover, lock the wheels and protect your head with your arms, a pillow, lap robe, books or any handy object.